High blood pressure or hypertension has become a common disease for many people today, especially for those living in urban areas. High blood pressure or hypertension is one factor causing strokes, heart attacks, and kidney failure. And the worst of this disease is death. Therefore, if you can, this disease should be prevented. If you have high blood pressure, you can control the disease. How to prevent and control high
Blood pressure or hypertension?
Before discussing about high blood pressure or hypertension, you should know first about the blood pressure. When you perform a physical examination or clinical examination to a physician, usually there is a special tool used by physicians to check blood pressure. Tool to check for blood pressure sphigmomanometer or also known as tensimeter. There are digital and there is also tensimeter mercury that is still commonly used for clinical examination.
The doctor will do blood pressure checks by having you sit or lie down, because it's the best position to measure blood pressure. Then the doctor will usually bind with an air bag on the right arm unless there are injuries on the arm. After that, blood pressure measurements were taken. The difference between systolic and diastolic pressures is called pulse pressure.
What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure experienced by the blood in the arteries when the heart pumps blood to all members of the human body. Blood pressure is created by taking two sizes and usually there are two numbers that will be referred by a physician. For example, doctors call 140-90, it will mean is 140/90 mmHg.
The first number (140) shows the upward pressure due to pulsation of the arteries when the heart or heart beat or beats, and is called the systolic pressure is often called upon pressure. The second number (90) shows the pressure when the heart is resting between pumping, and is called the diastolic pressure or under pressure is often called.
Why Blood Pressure Rises?
What causes blood pressure to rise? As an illustration, if you're watering the garden with a hose. If you press the end of the hose, the water that comes out will be faster. That's because the water pressure increases when the hose is pressed. In addition, if you zoom in tap water, the flow of water through the hose will be faster because of increased water discharge.
The same thing happens with your blood. If your blood vessels constrict, the blood pressure in the vessels will increase. In addition, if the amount of blood flow increases, blood pressure will also increase.
Causes of High BloodThere are several things that can cause a person has high blood pressure. There are factors that cause high blood pressure that you can not control. There is also that you can control so that it can cope with high blood pressure. Some of these factors include:• HeredityThis factor can not you control. If someone has a parent or relative who has high blood pressure, it is likely he suffered from high blood pressure is greater. Statistics show that the problem of high blood pressure is higher in identical twins than identical twins are not. A study shows that there is evidence that genes for high blood pressure problems.• AgeThis factor can not you control. Research shows that as age increases a person, the blood pressure will increase. You can not expect that your blood pressure will be the same as young as you get older. But you can control in order not to pass the upper limit of normal.• SaltThese factors can you control. Salt can increase blood pressure in some people quickly, especially for diabetics, people with mild hypertension, people with old age, and those who were black.• CholesterolThese factors can you control. Excess fat in your blood, it can cause cholesterol deposits in blood vessel walls. It can make blood vessels constrict and blood pressure will increase as a result. Take control of your cholesterol as early as possible. For tips on controlling cholesterol, please see the following article: cholesterol.• Obesity / OverweightThese factors can you control. People who weigh over 30 percent of ideal body weight, are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure.• StressThese factors can you control. Stress and emotional conditions are not stable also can trigger high blood pressure.• SmokingThese factors can you control. Smoking also can increase blood pressure is high. Smoking habits may increase the risk of diabetes, heart attack and stroke. Therefore, the habit of smoking continues to proceed when it has high blood pressure, is a very dangerous combination that will trigger diseases related to heart and blood.• CaffeineThese factors can you control. Caffeine found in coffee, tea and cola drinks can cause increased blood pressure.• AlcoholThese factors can you control. Excessive alcohol consumption also causes high blood pressure.• Lack of ExerciseThese factors can you control. Lack of exercise and movement can cause the body to increase blood pressure. Regular exercise can lower your high blood pressure but do not do heavy exercise if you suffer from high blood pressure.
Preventing and Overcoming High Blood
To prevent high blood pressure for those who still have normal blood pressure or high blood pressure for those who already have high blood pressure, then the following practical suggestions you can do:
• Reduce consumption of salt in your diet. If you already suffer from high blood pressure you should avoid foods that contain salt.
• Consumption of foods containing potassium, magnesium and calcium. Potassium, magnesium and calcium can reduce high blood pressure.
• Reduce drinking alcoholic beverages or food. If you suffer from high blood pressure, should avoid excessive alcohol consumption. For men who suffer from hypertension, amount of alcohol is permitted a maximum of 30 ml of alcohol per day, while women 15 ml per day.
• Regular exercise can reduce high blood pressure. If you suffer from high blood pressure, choose light exercise such as walking, cycling, running relaxed, and swimming. Do it for 30 to 45 minutes a day 3 times a week.
• Eat vegetables and fruits are high in fiber such as green vegetables, bananas, tomatoes, carrots, cantaloupe, and oranges.
• Run anti-stress therapy for reducing stress and you are able to control your emotions.
• Quitting smoking also contributes greatly to reduce high blood pressure or hypertension.
• Control your cholesterol levels.
• Take control of your diabetes.
• Avoid drugs that can increase blood pressure. Consult your doctor if you are receiving treatment for certain diseases, to ask for drugs that do not increase blood pressure.